POTENSI JAMUR TIRAM PUTIH (Pleurotus ostreatus) TERHADAP PENGHAMBATAN Candida albicans DAN Propionibacterium acnes

Saat Egra, Irawan Wijaya Kusuma, Enos Tangke Arung


Oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) is not a new food for the community. Long time ago oyster mushrooms is food but not so well known. Now oyster mushrooms have been accepted by the community as a healthy food. This is the background of this research to produce mushrooms not only as nutritious food but also natural medicine. The purpose of this study was to examine the antimicrobial potential of oyster mushrooms by determination of clear zone against Candida albicans and Propionibacterium acnes bacterias. This research was conducted at Forest Products Chemistry Laboratory, Faculty of Forestry, Mulawarman University. The resources of oyster mushroom we used in this study comes from the cultivation of the entrepreanure forestry student group in Mulawarman University. This study used successful extraction with hexane solvent, ethyl acetate, ethanol, water, and crude ethanol. The results obtained that the highest antimicrobial inhibition against Candida albicans bacteria with 47.60% with a concentration of 100 ppm but, on the antimicrobial against Propionibacterium acnes bacteria did not show any significant inhibition.

Full Text:



Nasrul M. 2004. Jamur. Buletin Teknopro Hortikultura (edisi 74, Oktober 2004). Direktorat Pengelolahan dan Pemasaran Hasil Hortikultura, Departement Pertanian.

Sumarni. 2006. Botani dan Tinjauan Gizi Jamur Tiram Putih. INNOFARM : Jurnal Inovasi Pertanian Vol. 4, No. 2, 2006 (124-130).

Chang ST, Buswell JA. 1996. Mushroom Nutriceuticals. World Jurnal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 12: 473-76.

Bobek P. 1998. Dose and Time Dependent Hypocholesterolemic Effect of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotur ostreatus) in Rats. Nutrition 14 (3): (1): 282-86.

Magdalena S, Andreanus AS, Immaculta M. 2001. Efek Ekstrak Rimpang Curzuma zedoria Rosc. Dan Daun Eupatorium Inufolium H.B.K Terhadap Aktivitas Superoksida Dismutase, Peroksida Lipid dan Stabilitas Membrane Sel. Skripsi. Sekolah Farmasi. Institut Teknologi Bandung

Kuspradini, H., Susanto,D., Ritmaleni, Mitsunaga, T. 2012. Phytochemical and Comparative Study Of Anti Microbial Activity Of Lepisanthes amoena leaves extract. Journal Of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. Vol. II. N0.11

Seno W. 2012. Manual Book Standart Operating Procedure Mushroom Cultivation. Kampoeng Djamoer. Yogyakarta. Indonesia.

Guenther E. 1987. Minyak Atsiri. Universitas indonesia Press. Jakarta

Oyetayo VO. 2009. Free Radical Scavening and Antimicrobial Properties of Extracts of Wild Mushrooms. Federal University of Technology, Nigeria. Vol. 40:380-386.

Nwachukwu E and Uzoeto HO, 2010. Antimicrobial Activity of Some Local Mushrooms on Pathogenic Isolates. Michael Okpara University of Agriculture. Nigeria. Vol. 4(23), pp. 2460-2465

Vamanu E. 2011. Determination of Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Properties of Alcoholic Extract from Pleurotus ostraetus M2191 Mycelium Obtained in the Presence of Various Nitrogen Sources.

Riani H. 2012. Formulation and Evaluation of Antioxidant and Tyrosinase Inhibitory Effect from Gel Containing The 70 % Ethanolic Pleurotus ostreatus Extract. Vol 2, No. 1. Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Indonesia. Indonesia

Ajizah A. 2004. Sensitivitas Salmonella thypimurium Terhadap Ekstrak Psidium guajava L. Bioscientiae Vol 1 No 1 Januari. Hal 31-38

Stamets P. 2000. Growing Gourmet and Medicinal Mushroom. Berkeley Ten press. pp. 23-36

Lindequist U, Niedermeyer THJ, Julich W. 2005. The Pharmacological Potentials of Mushrooms. Ecam 2: 285-299.