Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

The scope of the Ilmu Budaya is the result of studies in the fields of:

1. Language
2. Literature
3. Culture
4. Arts


Section Policies


Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Peer Review Process

This journal uses double-blind review, which means that both the reviewer and author identities are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review process.


Publication Frequency

Every year in January, April, July, October


Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

This journal is an open-access journal which means that all content is freely available without charge to users or/institutions. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to full-text articles in this journal without asking prior permission from the publisher or author. This is in accordance with the Budapest Open Access Initiative

Hasil gambar untuk Budapest Open Access Initiative 

Budapest Open Access Initiative

An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good. The old tradition is the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge. The new technology is the internet. The public good they make possible is the world-wide electronic distribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature and completely free and unrestricted access to it by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and other curious minds. Removing access barriers to this literature will accelerate research, enrich education, share the learning of the rich with the poor and the poor with the rich, make this literature as useful as it can be, and lay the foundation for uniting humanity in a common intellectual conversation and quest for knowledge.

For various reasons, this kind of free and unrestricted online availability, which we will call open access, has so far been limited to small portions of the journal literature. But even in these limited collections, many different initiatives have shown that open access is economically feasible, that it gives readers extraordinary power to find and make use of relevant literature, and that it gives authors and their works vast and measurable new visibilityreadership, and impact. To secure these benefits for all, we call on all interested institutions and individuals to help open up access to the rest of this literature and remove the barriers, especially the price barriers, that stand in the way. The more who join the effort to advance this cause, the sooner we will all enjoy the benefits of open access.

The literature that should be freely accessible online is that which scholars give to the world without expectation of payment. Primarily, this category encompasses their peer-reviewed journal articles, but it also includes any unreviewed preprints that they might wish to put online for comment or to alert colleagues to important research findings. There are many degrees and kinds of wider and easier access to this literature. By "open access" to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited.

While the peer-reviewed journal literature should be accessible online without cost to readers, it is not costless to produce. However, experiments show that the overall costs of providing open access to this literature are far lower than the costs of traditional forms of dissemination. With such an opportunity to save money and expand the scope of dissemination at the same time, there is today a strong incentive for professional associations, universities, libraries, foundations, and others to embrace open access as a means of advancing their missions. Achieving open access will require new cost recovery models and financing mechanisms, but the significantly lower overall cost of dissemination is a reason to be confident that the goal is attainable and not merely preferable or utopian.

To achieve open access to scholarly journal literature, we recommend two complementary strategies.

I. Self-Archiving: First, scholars need the tools and assistance to deposit their refereed journal articles in open electronic archives, a practice commonly called, self-archiving. When these archives conform to standards created by the Open Archives Initiative, then search engines and other tools can treat the separate archives as one. Users then need not know which archives exist or where they are located in order to find and make use of their contents.

II. Open-access Journals: Second, scholars need the means to launch a new generation of journals committed to open access, and to help existing journals that elect to make the transition to open access. Because journal articles should be disseminated as widely as possible, these new journals will no longer invoke copyright to restrict access to and use of the material they publish. Instead they will use copyright and other tools to ensure permanent open access to all the articles they publish. Because price is a barrier to access, these new journals will not charge subscription or access fees, and will turn to other methods for covering their expenses. There are many alternative sources of funds for this purpose, including the foundations and governments that fund research, the universities and laboratories that employ researchers, endowments set up by discipline or institution, friends of the cause of open access, profits from the sale of add-ons to the basic texts, funds freed up by the demise or cancellation of journals charging traditional subscription or access fees, or even contributions from the researchers themselves. There is no need to favor one of these solutions over the others for all disciplines or nations, and no need to stop looking for other, creative alternatives.

Open access to peer-reviewed journal literature is the goal. Self-archiving (I.) and a new generation of open-access journals (II.) are the ways to attain this goal. They are not only direct and effective means to this end, but they are also within the reach of scholars themselves, immediately, and need not wait on changes brought about by markets or legislation. While we endorse the two strategies just outlined, we also encourage experimentation with further ways to make the transition from the present methods of dissemination to open access. Flexibility, experimentation, and adaptation to local circumstances are the best ways to assure that progress in diverse settings will be rapid, secure, and long-lived.

The Open Society Institute, the foundation network founded by philanthropist George Soros, is committed to providing initial help and funding to realize this goal. It will use its resources and influence to extend and promote institutional self-archiving, to launch new open-access journals, and to help an open-access journal system become economically self-sustaining. While the Open Society Institute's commitment and resources are substantial, this initiative is very much in need of other organizations to lend their effort and resources.

We invite governments, universities, libraries, journal editors, publishers, foundations, learned societies, professional associations, and individual scholars who share our vision to join us in the task of removing the barriers to open access and building a future in which research and education in every part of the world are that much more free to flourish.

February 14, 2002
Budapest, Hungary

Leslie Chan: Bioline International
Darius Cuplinskas
: Director, Information Program, Open Society Institute
Michael Eisen
: Public Library of Science
Fred Friend
: Director of Scholarly Communication, University College London
Yana Genova
: Next Page Foundation
Jean-Claude Gu don: University of Montreal
Melissa Hagemann
: Program Officer, Information Program, Open Society Institute
Stevan Harnad: Professor of Cognitive Science, University of Southampton, Universite du Quebec a Montreal
Rick Johnson
: Director, Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC)
Rima Kupryte: Open Society Institute
Manfredi La Manna
: Electronic Society for Social Scientists 
Istv n R v: Open Society Institute, Open Society Archives
Monika Segbert: eIFL Project consultant 
Sidnei de Souza
: Informatics Director at CRIA, Bioline International
Peter Suber
: Professor of Philosophy, Earlham College & The Free Online Scholarship Newsletter
Jan Velterop
: Publisher, BioMed Central



This journal utilizes the LOCKSS system to create a distributed archiving system among participating libraries and permits those libraries to create permanent archives of the journal for purposes of preservation and restoration. More...


Publication Ethics

The following publication ethics are the result of the Editorial Team's decision and are also based on COPE's Guidelines.

Ilmu Budaya is committed to peer-review integrity. We want to check the originality of the material. Authors submitting to Ilmu Budaya should be aware that their manuscripts may be submitted to plagiarism detector/plagiarism screening during the peer-review or production processes. Also, authors are strongly advised to uphold their works' integrity about conflicts of interest, falsification, and fabrication of data, plagiarism, unethical experimentation, inadequate subject consent, and authorship disputes.

Ethical guidelines for authors

We expect authors to adhere to the following ethical guidelines:

  1. All authors must ensure that their articles are their original works, which do not infringe on any other person or entity's intellectual property rights and cannot be construed as plagiarizing any other published work, including their own previously published works.
  2. All authors named in the article are equally held accountable for the content of a submitted manuscript or published article.
  3. The corresponding author must ensure all co-authors consent to publication and to being named as a co-author.
  4. All persons who have made significant scientific or literary contributions to the work reported should be named co-authors.
  5. Authors must not submit a manuscript to more than one journal simultaneously.
  6. Authors should not submit previously published works, nor works based in terms of substance on previously published works, either in part or as a whole.
  7. The authors must appropriately cite all relevant publications. Information obtained privately, as in conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, can be used or reported in the author's work only when fully cited and with that third party's permission.
  8. Authors must avoid making defamatory statements in submitted articles that could be construed as impugning any person's reputation.
  9. Authors must declare any potential conflict of interest – be it professional or financial – which could be held to arise concerning their articles.


Ilmu Budaya considers plagiarism a serious offence and will blacklist authors who knowingly cite or use material from other published works without proper acknowledgement.

Conflict of interest

A conflict of interest can occur when an author or an author's employer or sponsor has a financial, commercial, legal, or professional relationship with other organizations or with the people working with them, which could influence the author's research. Potential conflicts of interest about the submitted manuscript include but are not limited to consultancies, employment, grants, fees and honoraria, patents, royalties, stock, or share ownership. Full disclosure by the author is required at the point of submission, and the editor will use this information to inform editorial decisions. If necessary, authors could be asked to describe any potential conflicts of interest in a cover letter. A determination may be made by the editor or peer reviewers not to publish based on any declared conflict.

Ethical guidelines for peer reviewers

Peer reviewers are asked to make every reasonable effort to adhere to the following ethical guidelines for Ilmu Budaya articles they have agreed to review:

  1. Reviewers must give unbiased consideration to each manuscript submitted for publication and judge each on its merits, without regard to race, religion, nationality, sex, seniority, or institutional affiliation of the author(s).
  2. Reviewers must keep the peer review process confidential; information or correspondence about a manuscript should not be shared with anyone outside of the peer-review process.
  3. Reviewers should provide a constructive, comprehensive, evidenced, and appropriately substantial peer review report.
  4. Reviewers should make all reasonable efforts to submit their report and recommendation promptly, informing the editor if this is not possible.
  5. Reviewers should notify the editor of any significant similarity between the manuscript under consideration and any published papers or submitted manuscripts of which they are aware.

Ethical guidelines for editors

All editors are asked to make every reasonable effort to adhere to the following ethical guidelines for Ilmu Budaya articles that seem worthy of peer review. Editors should give unbiased consideration to each manuscript submitted for publication and judge each on its merits, without regard to race, religion, nationality, sex, seniority, or institutional affiliation of the author(s). Editors must keep the peer review process confidential; information or correspondence about a manuscript should not be shared with anyone outside of the peer-review process. Editors may reject a submitted manuscript without formal peer review if they consider the manuscript inappropriate for the journal and outside its scope. Editors should make all reasonable efforts to process submitted manuscripts in an efficient and timely manner. Suppose an editor is presented with convincing evidence that the primary substance or conclusions of an article published in Ilmu Budaya are erroneous. In that case, the editor should facilitate the publication of an appropriate erratum. Any data or analysis presented in a submitted manuscript should not be used in an editor's research except with the author's consent.


Screening for Plagiarism

Ilmu Budaya is very not accepting acts of plagiarism and auto plagiarism. We will reject articles that are indicated to contain all forms of plagiarism. Every script submitted by the author will check the similarity using the plagiarism checker tool (Turnitin). Ilmu Budaya only tolerates a similarity of 20%. Every article received will be checked first using Turnitin. If the plagiarism amount is more than 20%, the script will automatically be returned to the author, and the status will be rejected/declined.


Author Fees & Waiver Policy

Article Submission (IDR 0.00)

You will not be charged for publication. We waive all financing for article publication.


Article Publication (IDR 0.00)

You will not be charged for publication. We waive all financing for article publication.


Waiver Policy

We encourage our authors to publish their papers with us and don’t wish the cost of publication processing fees to be an insurmountable barrier especially to authors from the low and lower-middle-income countries. We waive all financing for article publication for all authors from any country.


Copyright and Permissions

Each works in Ilmu Budaya is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).