WOMEN PORTRAYAL IN PATRIARCHAL SOCIETY THROUGH FEMALE MAIN CHARACTERS IN ZEMECKIS’ BEOWULF FILM (2007)

Christian Barli, Surya Sili, Nita Maya Valiantien

Abstract


ABSTRACT

 

Patriarchy system which forms gender stereotypes and its issues, consciously or not is easily found in daily life. Gender stereotypes are strengthened by patriarchy system which includes judgments of surrounding society, and forms two categories; masculinity (men stereotypes) and femininity (women stereotypes) which referred from the different biological characteristics among men and women, to empower men and disempower women in society. The purposes of this research were to analyze the portrayal of patriarchy system which is portrayed in the Zemeckis’ Beowulf film, and to analyze the portrayal of female main characters who break patriarchy system which is portrayed in the film. This research was designed as a qualitative research, and the theory of patriarchy by Allan G. Johnson was used as the ground theory. The results of the research showed that patriarchy system and its four elements such as male dominance, male identification, male centeredness, and obsession with control are promoted in the society which is portrayed in the Zemeckis’ Beowulf film (2007). Although the two female main characters of the film live in a society which is patriarchal, but they do not fall into the patriarchy system and the gender stereotypes that are imposed on them as subordinate women, instead they challenge and break the social systems.

 

Key words: Beowulf film, gender stereotypes, main characters, patriarchy, women portrayal.

 

 

ABSTRAK

 

Sistem patriarki yang membentuk stereotip gender dan isu-isu terkait lainnya, mudah ditemui dalam kehidupan sehari-hari secara sadar atau tidak. Stereotip gender dilingkupi dan diperkuat oleh sistem patriarki yang mencakup anggapan-anggapan dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat yang mana membentuk dua kategori, yakni; maskulinitas (stereotip pria) dan feminitas (stereotip wanita). Anggapan-anggapan berdasarkan dua kategori gender tersebut mengacu pada perbedaan karakterisitk pria dan wanita secara biologis demi menguatkan kuasa serta wewenang pria, dan melemahkan peran dan posisi wanita dalam masyarakat. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis penggambaran sistem patriarki yang terdapat di dalam film Zemeckis yang berjudul Beowulf. Penelitian ini bertujuan pula untuk menganalisis penggambaran pemeran-pemeran utama wanita yang mematahkan sistem sosial patriarki yang tergambar di dalam film tersebut. Penelitian ini dirancang sebagai sebuah penelitian yang bersifat kualitatif dengan menggunakan teori patriarki yang dikemukakan oleh Allan G. Johnson sebagai dasar teori. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa sistem patriarki dan keempat elemennya, seperti; dominasi laki-laki, identifikasi pada laki-laki, keterpusatan pada laki-laki, dan obsesi terhadap penguasaan, digalakkan dalam kehidupan bermasyarakat yang tergambar dalam film Beowulf yang disutradarai oleh Zemeckis pada tahun 2007 tersebut. Meskipun kedua pemeran utama perempuan dalam film tersebut hidup di tengah-tengah masyarakat yang menganut paham sosial patriarki, namun mereka tidak jatuh ataupun terpengaruh oleh sistem patriarki dan stereotip gender yang beranggapan bahwa mereka adalah perempuan bawahan yang mestinya tunduk terhadap sistem-sistem sosial tersebut. Malahan mereka menantang dan menghancurkan tatanan sistem-sistem sosial tersebut.

 

Kata kunci: Film Beowulf, stereotip gender, tokoh utama, patriarki, penggambaran perempuan


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