Dina Friskaliana, Singgih Daru Kuncara, Anjar Dwi Astuti


This study examines the symbols that used, the meanings of symbol, and the roles of symbol in The Queen of Spades short story. To identify the symbol, the researcher used the theory by Griffith; public symbol and private symbol. To reveal the meanings of symbol, the researcher used the theory of ‘symbolic reference’ by Whitehead. Then, to find out the roles of symbol in building the story, the researcher analyzed through plot, character, setting, and theme in the story. The method of this study used descriptive qualitative method and the data of this study based on words, sentences, and narration which reflected symbols throughout the story. Furthermore, the result of the research showed cards of three, seven, aces categorized as public symbol and the queen of spades categorized as private symbol. The number three reflected to love triangle which happened between Hermann, Lizaveta, and Lizaveta’a husband. Then, seven reflected Hermann who obsessed to know the secret of lucky card. At last, aces reflected to karma that must be accepted by Hermann and the Countess. Meanwhile, the queen of spades as private symbol reflected to the Countess Anna Fedotovna and as a symbol of the key issue on the secret of lucky cards in the story. Then, the roles of symbols reflected through plot that showed to express the disquieting effect, character that showed to express the strength qualities, setting that showed to express the strength atmosphere, and theme that showed to express the wisdom lessons.


Symbols; The Queen of Spades

Full Text:



Abrams, M. H. A Glossary of Literary Terms: Ninth Edition. USA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2009. PDF File.

Amesta, Sinar Nur. An Analysis of Symbol in Short Story “A Rose For Emily”. Samarinda. Faculty of Cultural Studies, Department of English Literature, Mulawarman University, 2013. Print.

Berroukeche, Fatima Zahra. Symbolism in “Rip Van Winkle” by Washington Irving. Algeria: University of Tlemcen, 2016. PDF File.

Biddle, B. J. Recent Development in Role Theory. Columbia: University of Missouri-Columbia, 12:67-92. 1986. PDF File.

Cuddon, J, A. A Dictionary of Literary Terms and Literary Theory Fifth Edition. UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. PDF File.

Griffith, Kelley. Writing Essays about Literature: A Guide and Style Sheet Eight Edition. Boston, MA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning, 2011. PDF File.

Kothari, C. R. Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques (Second Revised Edition). New Delhi: New Age International (P) Limited, 2004. PDF File.

Miles, Matthew B., and Huberman, A. Michael. An Expanded Sourcebook Qualitative Data Analysis: Second Edition. USA: SAGE Publication. 1994. PDF File.

Morag, Hail. Playing Cards, Predicting your Future. Israel: Astrolog Publishing House, 1998. PDF File.

Morrel, Malissa. Journal of Clinical Art Therapy (2011): 23-32. “Signs and Symbols: Art and Language in Art Therapy”. PDF File.

S. Sandamali, K.P. Journal of Scientific & Technology Research. ISSN: 2277-8616Vol. 4, Issue 12: December (2015). “Symbolism in Ernest Hemingway’s The Old Man and The Sea”. PDF File.

Settineri, Merlo, et al. Mediterranean Journal of Clinical Psychology MJCP. ISSN: 2282-1619 Vol. 5, N.2: August (2017). “The Symbol theory in S. Freud, C. G. Jung and C.S. Pierce”. PDF File.

Sirbu, Anca. The Significance of Language as A Tool of Communication. Romania. Constanta Maritime University (2015), Vol. 18, Issue 2: 405-406. PDF File.

Wang, Ru. Symbolism—The Main Artistic Style of Katherine Anne Porter’s Short Stories. China. Harbin Medical University, Vol.3, No.3, September 2010. PDF File.

Williams, Carrie. Journal of Business & Economic Research (2007): 65-71. “Research Methods”. PDF File.

Yamina, Touahir. The Use of Symbolism in Poe’s The Fall of the House of Usher. Ouargla. Kasdi Merbah University, 2013. PDF File.

Yoel. Analysis of Symbol in Michael Buble’s Song Lyric in Album Call Me Irresponsible. Samarinda. Faculty of Cultural Studies, Department of English Literature, Mulawarman University, 2016. Print.

Zohdi, Esmael. Symbolism in Edgar Allan Poe’s Selected Short Stories. Iran.Vali-e-Asr University of Rafsanjan, Vol 8, No 3, March 2018. PDF File.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Dina Friskaliana, Singgih Daru Kuncara, Anjar Dwi Astuti

Redaksi Jurnal Ilmu Budaya

Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Mulawarman
Jl. Ki Hajar Dewantara, Gunung Kelua, Kec. Samarinda Ulu, Kota Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia 75123


Each works in Ilmu Budaya is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.