THE HIERARCHY OF NEEDS PORTRAYED IN JIM PRESTON’S CHARACTER IN PASSENGERS (2016) FILM

Yupita Citra, M. Natsir, Anjar Dwi Astuti

Abstract


ABSTRACT

 

This research is intended to find out the needs of Jim’s character which was portrayed in Passengers (2016) film. It was also to identify the fulfilment of his needs based on five stages of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. The theory that is used to analyze the main character in this film was the hierarchy of needs theory. It was Abraham Maslow’s theory which consists of five stages of human needs. The researcher used descriptive qualitative method by Elo and Kyngas. The result of this research shows Jim fulfilled five of his needs, which are physiological needs, safety needs, belongingness and love needs, self-esteem, and self-actualization. There were moments where he has fulfilled higher stage of needs, but another needs from the lower stage appear. For example, at some scenes he fulfilled his love and belongingness needs by waking Aurora up and some sparks of love appear between them. When Arthur the bartender robot told Aurora the truth that Jim was the one who took her life from her, Jim back to the stage where he has love and belongingness needs. Jim also actualized himself as a mechanic, a rate two mechanic, which he thought was useful on the starship. Even though he has reached the highest stage of hierarchy of needs, another needs from lower stage appeared. Safety needs appeared when the starship got hit by a huge meteor and damages multiple parts of the starship at once.

 

 

ABSTRAK

 

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kebutuhan dari karakter Jim yang di gambarkan dalam film Passengers (2016). Selain itu juga untuk mengidentifikasi pemenuhan dari kebutuhannya berdasarkan lima tingkatan Hierarchy of Needs dari Maslow. Teori yang digunakan untuk menganalisa karakter utama dalam film ini adalah teori Hierarchy of Needs yang terdiri dari lima tingkatan kebutuhan manusia. Peneliti menggunakan metode kualitatif deskriptif oleh Elo dan Kyngas. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan Jim memenuhi lima kebutuhannya, yaitu kebutuhan fisiologi, kebutuhan keamanan, kebutuhan akan rasa memiliki dan cinta, harga diri, dan aktualisasi diri. Ada saat-saat dimana ia telah memenuhi kebutuhan di tingkat yang lebih tinggi, namun kebutuhan dari tingkat lebih rendah muncul. Misalnya, pada beberapa adegan ia telah memenuhi kebutuhan akan cinta dan rasa memiliki dengan membangunkan Aurora dan cinta muncul diantara mereka. Saat Arthur sang bartender memberitahu Aurora bahwa Jim adalah orang yang merenggut hidupnya darinya, Jim kembali ke tahap dimana ia memliki kebutuhan akan cinta dan rasa memiliki. Jim juga mengaktualisasikan dirinya sebagai mekanik, mekanik tingkat dua, yang menurutnya akan berguna di pesawat luar angkasa. Meskipun ia telah mencapai tingkat tertinggi dari Hierarchy of Needs, kebutuhan lain dari tingkatan lebih rendah muncul. Kebutuhan akan keamanan muncul ketika kapal luar angkasa tekena meteor besar dan merusak beberapa bagian kapal luar angkasa.

 

Kata kunci: Hierarchy of Needs, Karakter, Karakterisasi, Passengers


Keywords


Literature; Cultural Studies

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ayu Sukma Nurhajar, Dyah Sunggingwati, Nita Maya Valiantien. “An Analysis of Rachel Berry’s Character in Glee Season 2 Using Maslow’s The Hierarchy of Needs Theory”.Institutional Repository Mulawarman University 2018.

Bacharach. 1989. A definition of theory: research guidelines for different theory-building research methods in operations management. By John G. Wacker. Elsevier Science. 1998

Bernardo, Karen. Types of Characters in Fiction. 4 July 2018. .

Caffee, Amylee.Does Not Live by Bread Alone . . . Unless There is No Bread:An Analysis of Dickens Characters Using Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. 2013.

Denzin and Lincoln. 2000. Interviewing the Investigator: Strategies for Addressing Instrumentation and Researcher Bias Concerns in Qualitative Research. The Qualitative Report. By Ronald J. Chenail. 2011. Pdf

Denzin, Norman. An Introduction to Triangulation. UNAIDS Monitoring and Evaluation Fundamentals. By David Hales. 2010. Pdf

Fauziah, Syifa. “Hierarchy of Needs Analysis of The Main Character In You Again Film.” Institutional Repository UIN SyarifHidayatullah Jakarta 2014.

Fraenkel, Jack R. and Wallen, Norman E. How to Design and Evaluate Research in Education.New York: McGraw-Hill, 2009. Pdf

Freud Museum London.n.d. 15 January2018. https://www.freud.org.uk/about/faq/

Gill, Richard. Palgrave Master Series.Mastering English Literature Second Edition. Palgrave. 1995. Pdf

Klarer, Mario. An Introduction to Literary Studies Second Edition. London & New York: Routledge, 2004. Pdf.

Kothari, C. R. Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques.

Marshall and Rossman. 1995. Interviewing the Investigator: Strategies for Addressing Instrumentation and Researcher Bias Concerns in Qualitative Research. The Qualitative Report.By Ronald J. Chenail. 2011. Pdf

Maslow, Abraham H. Motivation and Personality.Harper & Row, 1954.Pdf.

McLeod, Saul. “Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs.” 2007. Simply Psychology. 2014. 27 May 2016

New Age International, 2004.Pdf.

Passengers (2016).n.d.6 December 2017

Pyett.2003. Qualitative Content Analysis: A Focus on Trustwothiness. By Satu Elo, Maria Kääriäinen, Outi Kanste, Tarja Pölkki, Kati Utriainen, and Helvi Kyngäs. 2014. Pdf

Sari, Febry Indah. "A Main Character Analysis of My Sister's Keeper Movie Using Hierarchy of Human Needs of Abraham H. Maslow Theory." Institutional Repository UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta 2011.

Satu Elo, Maria Kääriäinen, Outi Kanste, Tarja Pölkki, Kati Utriainen, and Helvi Kyngäs. Qualitative Content Analysis: A Focus on Trustwothiness. 2014. Pdf

Thomas and Magilvy. Qualitative Content Analysis: A Focus on Trustwothiness. By SatuElo, Maria Kääriäinen, Outi Kanste, Tarja Pölkki, Kati Utriainen, and Helvi Kyngäs. 2014. Pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30872/jbssb.v4i3.2892

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Yupita Citra, Muhammad Natsir, Anjar Dwi Astuti

Redaksi Jurnal Ilmu Budaya

Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Mulawarman
Jl. Ki Hajar Dewantara, Gunung Kelua, Kec. Samarinda Ulu, Kota Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia 75123
Email: jurnalcalls@fib.unmul.ac.id
Website: http://e-journals.unmul.ac.id/index.php/JBSSB 
Phone: +6287786318599

 

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.