A PORTRAYAL OF NIGERIAN AFTER CIVIL WAR IN CHINUA ACHEBE’S CIVIL PEACE (1971)

Anjar Dwi Astuti

Abstract


 

ABSTRACT

 

African literature has strong relation with colonialism, not only because they had ever been colonized but also because of civil war. Civil Peace (1971), a short story written by Chinua Achebe, tells about how Nigerian survive and have to struggle to live after Nigerian Civil War. It is about the effects of the war on the people, and the “civil peace” that followed. The Nigerian Civil War, also known as the Nigerian-Biafran War, 6 July 1967–15 January 1970, was a political conflict caused by the attempted annexation of the southeastern provinces of Nigeria as the self-proclaimed Republic of Biafra. The conflict was the result of economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions among the various peoples of Nigeria. Knowing the relation between the story and the Nigerian Civil War, it is assured that there is a history depicted in Civil Peace. In this article, the writer portrays the history and the phenomenon of colonization in Nigeria by using new historical and postcolonial criticism approaches.

 

Keywords: history, colonization, civil war

 

 

ABSTRAK

 

Karya sastra Afrika memiliki hubungan yang kuat dengan kolonialisme. Hal tersebut bukan hanya karena Afrika pernah dijajah oleh bangsa lain tetapi juga karena terjadinya perang saudara. Civil Peace (1971), sebuah cerp6en yang ditulis oleh Chinua Achebe, menceritakan tentang bagaimana orang-orang Nigeria korban perang saudara yang selamat dan kemudian berusaha berjuang untuk bertahan dan melanjutkan hidup seusai perang. Cerpen ini juga menceritakan efek dari perang saudara untuk mereka dan “civil peace” (perdamaian untuk orang biasa (sipil) yang mengikutinya. Perang Saudara di Nigeria dikenal dengan Perang Biafran yang terjadi pada 6 Juli 1967 sampai dengan 15 Januari 1970. Konflik politik yang terjadi disebabkan oleh perluasan kekuasaan Provinsi Nigeria Tenggara yang secara sepihak memproklamirkan diri sebagai bagian dari Republik Biafra. Konflik tersebut merupakan akibat dari tekanan pada faktor ekonomi, kesukuan, budaya dan agama diantara suku-suku yang ada di Nigeria. Dengan mengetahui hubungan antara cerita dalam cerpen Civil Peace dan Perang Saudara di Nigeria, dipastikan bahwa ada sejarah yang dipaparkan dalam cerpen ini. Artikel ini menganalisa bagaiman penulis menggambarkan sejarah and fenomena penjajahan di Nigeria dengan menggunkan new historical dan poskolonial kritik.

 

Kata kunci: sejarah, penjajahan, perang saudara


Full Text:

PDF

References


Abrams, M.H. 1999. A Glossary of Literary Terms (7th Ed.). USA: Thomson Learning, Inc.

Atofarati, Abubakar A. 1992. The Nigerian Civil War, Causes, Strategies, and Lessons Learnt. Available in http://www.africamasterweb.com/ BiafranWarCauses.html

Barry, Peter. 1995. Beginning Theory: An Introduction to Literary and Cultural Theory. UK: Manchester University Press.

Bertens, Hans. 2008. Literary Theory: The Basics, 2nd Edition. London: Routledge.

Forster, E.M. 1955. Aspects of the Novel. USA: Harcourt Inc.

Gill, Richard. 1995. Mastering English Literature (Second Edition). London. Macmillan Press Ltd.

Hussain, Syed Javed. 2010. Achebe Believes in Literature’s Social and Political Importance. Available in http://www.worldliterature.co.id

Osinubi, Taiwo Adetunji. 2014. “Cold War Sponsorship: Chinua Achebe And The Dialectics of Collaboration”. Journal of Postcolonial Writing, Volume 50, No. 4, pp. 410-422. Available in http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/ 17449855.2014.925695

Rivkin, Julie, and Michael Ryan. 2004. Literary Theory: An Anthology Second Edition. UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Weber, Britney. 2010. Civil Peace by Chinua Achebe: Cultural Crossroads in Nigeria. Available in http://www.worldliterature.co.id

Williams, Patrick R.J and Peter Childs. 1997. An Introduction to Post-Colonial Theory. Prentice Hall Europe.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics (CaLLs)

_________________________________________________

p-ISSN 2460-674X 
e-ISSN 2549-7707

The CaLLs managed by Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Mulawarman
_________________________________________________

Editorial Address

Redaksi Jurnal CaLLs
Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Mulawarman
Jalan Pulau Flores Nomor 1 Kota Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur − Indonesia 75112
Telepon: (0541) 734582
Email: jurnalcalls@fib.unmul.ac.id
Website: http://e-journals.unmul.ac.id/index.php/CALLS

_________________________________________________

 Creative Commons License  The CaLLs site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

_________________________________________________

This journal indexed by

         PKP Index Logo