CALABAI DAN BISSU SUKU BUGIS: REPRESENTASI GENDER DALAM NOVEL CALABAI KARYA PEPI AL-BAYQUNIE

Alfian Rokhmansyah, Irma Surayya Hanum, Dahri Dahlan

Abstract


This research focuses on disclosing things related to the existence of calabai as a variation of gender in Bugis culture which is illustrated in the Calabai novel by Pepi Al-Bayqunie. This research is a library research with a qualitative approach so that it is focused on the text of the Calabai novel by Pepi Al-Bayqunie. Data analysis is done through the data classification phase, data analysis, and conclusion of the analysis results. The results of this study indicate the existence of gender variations depicted in the Calabai novel by Pepi Al-Bayqunie. In the Calabai novel by Pepi Al-Bayqunie, the gender variation in the Bugis tribe described is calabai. In Bugis culture in Sulawesi the existence of calabai is a form of gender variation in addition to men or women. Calabai who was described by the author in the novel was a Calabai who had privileges and finally he became a bissu. The main character is described as a calabai who later becomes bissu. In relation to the existence of calabai and bissu as illustrated in the novel, it turns out that there is a rejection from the group that considers these two gender variations to be incompatible with human nature. The existence of calabai is a problem because it is contrary to the social construction that already exists in the community. However, unlike Calabai, the existence of bissu is considered more respectable because it plays an important role in Bugis culture.


Keywords


gender, calabai, bissu, Bugis ethnic

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30872/calls.v4i2.1645

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