SURVEY SINGKAT MAMALIA DI HUTAN DIPTEROKARPA DATARAN RENDAH, HUTAN LINDUNG BATU BEROK, LONG PAHANGAI, KALIMANTAN TIMUR Quick Survey of Mammalian Fauna in the Dipterocarpa Lowland Forest, Batu Berok Protection Forest, Long Pahangai, East Kalimantan

Rustam Rustam

Abstract


ABSTRACT

The aimed of this research is to know of mammals composition in dipterocarpa lowland forest, Batu Berok Protection Forest (BBPF), Long Pahangai, East Kalimantan. Combination method was done in this research, there is camera trapping survey, captured, direct and un-direct inventory by line transects and interview with local people. I have used 10 set of camera trapping, 50 cage traps, and 3.5 km line transect.

Total 32 species of mammals were detected in this area, comprising 8 ordo (Scandentia, Dermoptera, Chiroptera, Primates, Pholidota, Rodentia, Carnivora and Artiodactyla) and 19 family (Tupaiidae, Cynocephalidae, Pteropedidae, Tarsiidae, Cercopithecidae, Hylobatidae, Manidae, Sciuridae-Sciurinae, Sciuridae-Petauristinae, Muridae, Hystricidae, Ursidae, Mustilidae, Viverridae, Felidae, Suidae, Tragulidae, Cervidae, and Bovidae) including Sun bear Helarctos malayanus, Sambar deer Rusa unicolor, Banded Palm Civet Hemigalus derbyanus, Clouded Leopard  Neofelis diardi, and Tarsius Tarsius bancanus. The composition of mammals illustrates a pyramid pattern in the food chain which mean is very feasible for the habitat of mammals. Genus and Family Index illustrate the diversity of mammal in the study area 54% of mammals’ species in East Kalimantan and 56% of mammals’ species in Borneo. By IUCN redlist, 4 species included as endangered species and 8 species as vulnerable, 16 species included in appendix of CITES and 10 species included in the Indonesian government regulation (PP. 7/1999) as protected species.

The diversity of mammal in BBPF by quick survey was relatively hight, but as a protected forest this area was not good managed whereas located in the central of heart of Borneo. Intervention by government program is deeply needed.

Key word: camera trapping, cage trap, food chain, IUCN

 

ABSTRAK

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui komposisi mamalia di hutan dipterokarpa dataran rendah, Hutan Lindung Batu Berok (HLBB), Long Pahangai, Kalimantan Timur. Kombinasi metoda telah dilakukan pada penelitian ini, yaitu kamera otomatis, penangkapan, pengamatan langsung dan tidak langsung dengan transek, serta wawancara dengan masyarakat lokal. Digunakan 10 kamera otomatis, 50 perangkap mamalia kecil dan 3.5 km transek.

Total 32 species mamalia telah terdeteksi di kawasan ini termasuk ke dalam 8 ordo (Scandentia, Dermoptera, Chiroptera, Primates, Pholidota, Rodentia, Carnivora and Artiodactyla) dan 19 famili (Tupaiidae, Cynocephalidae, Pteropedidae, Tarsiidae, Cercopithecidae, Hylobatidae, Manidae, Sciuridae-Sciurinae, Sciuridae-Petauristinae, Muridae, Hystricidae, Ursidae, Mustilidae, Viverridae, Felidae, Suidae, Tragulidae, Cervidae, and Bovidae), termasuk Beruang Madu (Helarctos malayanus), Rusa (Rusa unicolor), Musang Belang (Hemigalus derbyanus), Macan Dahan (Neofelis diardi), and Krabuku Ingkat (Tarsius bancanus) mamalia yang ditemukan menggambarkan pola piramida dalam rantai makanan, yang berarti bahwa kawasan ini sangat layak untuk habitat mamalia. Indeks genus dan family menggambarkan keragaman mamalia di area studi sebesar 54% dari mamalia yang ada di Kalimantan Timur dan 56% dari mamalia di Kalimantan. Berdasarkan daftar jenis species langka dan hampir punah IUCN, 4 species termasuk species terancam punah, 8 jenis termasuk species rentan, 16 species termasuk dalam lampiran CITES dan 10 species termasuk species yang dilindungi berdasarkan Peraturan Pemerintah No. 7 Tahun 1999.

Berdasarkan survey singkat ini keragaman mamalia di HLBB relatif tinggi, tetapi sebagai hutan lindung kawasan ini tidak dikelola dengan baik padahal kawasan ini berada di pusat jantung Kalimantan. Program pemerintah untuk mengelola kawasan ini sangat diperlukan.

Kata kunci: kamera otomatis, perangkap mamalia kecil, rantai makanan, IUCN


Full Text:

PDF

References


Bennet, E.L. & J.G. Robinson. 2000. Hunting of wildlife in tropical rain forest. Implication for biodiversity and forest people. The World Bank, Washington D.C., USA.

Fox, B. J & M. D. Fox, 2000 Factors Determining Mammals Species Richness On Habitat Island and Isolated: Habitat Diversity. Disturbance, Species, Interations and Guide Assembly RulesGlobal Ecology and Biogeography (9); 10-37.

Giordano, A. & Rustam, 2016. Dead Muller’s maroon langur: predation or scavenging by Sunda clouded leopard. Cat News 63:34-35

Gordon, C. H., & A. M. E. Stewart. 2007. The use of logging roads by clouded leopards. Cat News 47:12-13

Hansen, M.J., Franklin, S.E., Woudsma, C.G., & Peterson, M., 2001. Caribou habitat mapping and fragmentation analysis using Landsat MSS, TM, and GIS data in the North Columbia Mountains, British Columbia, Canada. Remote Sens. Environ. 77, 50–65.

Heany, L. R., 2001. Small Mamal Diversity Along Elevational Gradients in The Philippines ; An Assesment of Parttern Hypotheses. Global Ecologi and Biogeography. (10); 15-39.

Mackinnon, K., G. Hatta, H. Halim & A. Mangalik, 2000. Seri Ekologi Indonesia Buku III Ekologi Kalimantan.

Meijaard, E., Sheil, D., Nasi, R., Augeri, D., Rosenbaum, B. Iskandar, D., Setyawati, T., Lammertink, M., Rachmatika, I., Wong, A., Soehartono, T, Stanley, S., Gunawan, T. & O’Brien, T. 2006. Hutan Pasca Pemanenan: Melindungi satwaliar dalam kegiatan hutan produksi di Kalimantan. CIFOR. Bogor, Indonesia.

Payne, J., Francis, C.M., & Philips K., 2005, A Field Guide to the Mammals of Borneo, fourth re-print. The Sabah Society and World Wide Fund for Nature Malaysia, Sabah.

PPHT UNMUL, 2008, Keragaman Hayati Kawasan Hutan Primer Hulu Mahakam: Dalam Rangka Pembuatan Koridor Ekologi TNKM-TNBK-Pegunungan Muller). Laporan Hasil Penelitian Kerjasama Pusat Penelitian Hutan Tropis universitas Mulawarman (PPHT UNMUL) dengan WWF Indonesia Kalimantan Timur. Samarinda. (tidak dipublikasi).

Soehartono & Mardiastuti. 2003, Pelaksanaan CITES di Indonesia. CIFOR. Bogor, Indonesia

Wenguang Z., Yuanman H., Jinchu H., Yu C., Jing Z., & Miao L., 2008, Impact of land-use change on mammals of Minjiang River, China: Implications for biodiversity conservation planning. J. Lanscape and Urban Planning 85, 195-204

Wilkie, D., E. Shaw, F. Rotberg, G. Morelli., & P. Auzel. 2000. Roads, development, and conservation in the Congo Basin, Conservation Biology 14:1614-1622.

Wilson, D.E., Cole, F.R., Nichols, J.D., Rudran, R., & Foster, M.S., 1996, Measuring and monitoring biological diversity. Standard method for mammals, II series. Smithsonian Institution.

Yasuma, S,. 1994, An Invitation to the Mammals of East Kalimantan. Tropical Rainforest Research Center, Japan International Agency, and Directorate General Higher Education Republic of Indonesia. PUSREHUT publication, Samarinda Indonesia.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.