Lea Mardiani, M. Natsir, Nasrullah Nasrullah


This study discussed about the phenomena in the society which human shown their existence and adapted on literary work. This study used Hermann Hesse’s work entitled Demian: The Story of Emil Sinclair’s Youth Novel. This study used Satre’s existentialism study on the ideas of finding the characteristic of Satre’s existentialism in hesse’s works. This study also used Gill and Kenan’s explanation to get through understanding of the main character acts, narrations, dialogs on the research itself. This study aims to examine the characteristic of Sartre’s existentialism in the novel and how the representation of existentialism in the main character. The researcher used qualitative-phenomenology theory to describe human experiences in a certain phenomenon. The results of this research that, there are three conception of Sartre’s existentialism found in main character, Emil Sinclair which is Abandoned by God, Despair and Anguish. Also the researcher concluded that the main character became atheist in the end of the story which he did not choose the two world represent of religion path and the rebellion path. He wants to lives among the society peacefully full of conscious and consideration.


Key Words: Existentialism, Sartre’s existentialism, abandoned, anguish, despair

Full Text:



Abrams, M.H., and Geoffrey Galt Harpham. A Glossary of Literary Terms: Ninth Edition. Boston: Wadsworth Cengange Learning. 2009.Pdf.

Gill, Richard. English Literature Third Edition. Palgrave McMillan. 2006. print.

Hesse, Hermann. Demian: The Story of Emil Sinclair’s Youth. S. Fisher Verlag. 1919. Print

Kenan, Slomith-Rimmon (2ed). Narrative Fiction. Taylor&Francis Group, 2002. Pdf.

Maslow, Abraham. A Theory of Human Motivation. Psychological Review. 1943.Pdf.

Miles, Matthew B, and A M. Huberman. Qualitative Data Analysis: an Expanded Sourcebook. Thousand oaks: Sage Publications, 1994. Print.

Paramita, Winda Pradya. The Significance of Dreams in Revealing Emil Sinclair’s Individuation in Hermann Hesse’s ‘Demian: The Story of Emil Sinclair’s Youth’. MA Thesis. Sanata Dharma University.2012. Print.

Ramadhani, Rokhmansyah, A., & Dahlan, D. Pandangan Dunia Tragis dalam Novel Pacarku Wanita Kuyang Karya Dewi Nina Kirana. Madah, 11(1): 81-96. Pdf.

Robert, Edgar V. Literature: An Introduction to Reading and Writing.2nd Ed. USA: Prentice-hall. 1986. Pdf.

Sarah, Hafizah. Existential Life of Katniss in the ‘Hunger Games’ Novel. MA Thesis. Mulawarman University. 2018. Print.

Sartre, Jean-Paul. Existentialism is A Humanism. Translated by Carol Macomber.New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007. Print.

Septyarini, Rahmawati Rizqi. Personality Development of Emil Sinclair Reflected in Hermann Hesse’s ‘Demian’ (1919): A Psychoanalytic Theory. MA thesis. Muhammadiyah Surakarta University, 2018. Print.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2021 Lea Mardiani, M.Natsir, Nasrullah

Redaksi Jurnal Ilmu Budaya

Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Mulawarman
Jl. Ki Hajar Dewantara, Gunung Kelua, Kec. Samarinda Ulu, Kota Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia 75123
Phone: +6287786318599


Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.