Akbar Yunadi, Singgih Daru Kuncara, Nita Maya Valiantien


This research aimed to analyze Sophie’s needs based on the theory of Hierarchy of Human Needs by Abraham Harold Maslow. The purposes of this research were to find out the needs of the main character from the Rooftoppers novel and also finding how she fulfills all her needs. This research used descriptive qualitative research because the data were shown in words. There were two discussions taken in this research. First, is the identification of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs in the novel through the main character. The second is the identification of how the main character fulfill her needs according to Maslow’s theory. Rooftoppers novel was used in this research as the data source. The data consisted of paragraphs, phrases, words, and dialogues through the novel that showed Sophie’s needs. The results of the research showed that Sophie managed to fulfill all of her needs both at home and on her way of finding her long lost mother in Paris. Starting from the basic needs of physiological needs, safety needs, love and belonging needs, esteem needs, and self-actualization need. Sophie managed to fulfill all of her needs through her actions, dialogs, habits, and thoughts.


Hierarchy of needs; Maslow’s theory; character

Full Text:



Amran, et al. “Analisis Kepribadian Tokoh Utama Dalam Novel Berteman Dengan Kematian Catatan Si Gadis Lupus Karya Sinta Ridwan.” Ilmu Budaya (Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Seni Dan Budaya)2, vol. 2, no. 3, 2018, pp. 293–300.

Boeree, Dr. C. George. "Personality Theories." Psychology Department (2006): 1-11. Print.

Bogdan, C. Robert, and Sari Knopp Biklen. Qualitative Research for Education an Introduction to Theory and Methodology. Boston. 2007. PDF File.

Bowdon, Butler. "Abraham Maslow - Motivation and Personality." 2017. Psychology Classic. Web. .

Denzin, Norman. “The Fundamental”. An Introduction to Triangulation. Web Eakin, Emily. The New York Times. December 20, 2013. Web. December 10, 2015

Eder, Jens, Fotis Jannidis, and Ralf Schneider. Characters in Fictional Worlds Understanding Imaginary Beings in Literature, Film, and other media. Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co, 2010. PDF File.

Fiedhawatie, Shintya Dwi. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Manifested by The Main Character in Forrest Gump The Movie. Universitas Brawijaya, 2013. Print.

Griffin, Em. "A First Look at Communication Theory." (n.d.): 124-133. Print.

Maslow, Abraham H. “A Theory of Human Motivation”. Psychological Review Vol. 50 Number 4. July 1943. Brooklyn College. PDF File.

Mawaddah, Siti. A Main Character Analysis of The Alchemist By Paulo Coelho Using Hierarchy of Human Needs of Abraham H. Maslow's Theory. States Islamic University Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2010. Print.

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). An Expanded Sourcebook Qualitative Data Analysis Second Edition. Sage Publications. n.p. Faber and Faber. n.d. Web. December 15, 2015

Robson, W.W. “The Definition of Literature and Other Essay”. Cambridge University Press. 1982. PDF File.

Rundell, Katherine. Rooftoppers. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2013. Print

Utomo, Permadi Eko. Motivation of a Boy to Pursue His Dream As Seen in Paulo Coelho’s The Alchemist. Diss. Universitas Katolik Soegijapranata Semarang. 2010.Print.

Wandira, Jenny, Yusak Hudiyono, & Alfian Rokhmansyah. "Kepribadian Tokoh Aminah Dalam Novel Derita Aminah Karya Nurul Fithrati: Kajian Psikologi Sastra." Ilmu Budaya: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Seni dan Budaya, vol. 3, no. 4, 2019, pp. 413-419.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Akbar Yunadi, Singgih Daru Kuncara, Nita Maya Valiantien

Redaksi Jurnal Ilmu Budaya

Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Mulawarman
Jl. Ki Hajar Dewantara, Gunung Kelua, Kec. Samarinda Ulu, Kota Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia 75123
Phone: +6287786318599


Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.