VARIASI BAHASA PADA MAHASISWA PERANTAU DI FAKULTAS ILMU BUDAYA UNIVERSITAS MULAWARMAN: KAJIAN SOSIOLINGUISTIK

Usnia Wati, Syamsul Rijal, Irma Surayya Hanum

Abstract


The occurrence of language variations is not only caused by diverse speakers, but because the social interaction activities carried out are also very diverse. In this case there is a connection with the emergence of languages used by overseas students, and usually these languages appear in their activities on campus. The use of the first language and dialect that affect their language conditions, resulting in incomplete use of the Indonesian language. However, regional languages are also not the only concrete evidence that there are variations in language that occur among overseas students. But the emergence of several variations of the language used by overseas students. This study aims to describe the language variations and factors that cause variations in the language of foreign students in Indonesian Literature class of 2014 at the Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Mulawarman University. This research includes field research using qualitative descriptive methods. The research method used is the method of referring to the technique of observation, record, and note, while the method of proficiency with a fishing line and proficient techniques. The method used to analyze the data in this study is the padan method using the basic technique of PUP (sorting determinants). The results showed that the language used by students of Indonesian Literature nomads in 2014 at the Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Mulawarman University varied greatly. Language variations in terms of speakers, variations in language in terms of usage, variations in language in terms of formality, and variations in language in terms of means. The factors that cause variations in the language of foreign students in the 2014 Indonesian Literature Faculty of Cultural Sciences, Mulawarman University are social factors and situational factors. Social (environmental) and situational factors (linguistic and kinship situations).


Keywords


sociolinguistics; language variation; foreign students

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ainin, N., Rokhmansyah, A., & Purwanti. 2019. Tipe Tuturan Remaja Perempuan Yatim dalam Interaksi Sehari-Hari: Kajian Pragmatik. Diglosia: Jurnal Kajian Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pengajarannya, 2(1), 1-14.

Arifin, M., Mursalim, & Rijal, S. 2017. Bahasa Daerah Dominan Di Kabupaten Malinau. CaLLs (Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics), 2(1), 17-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.30872/calls.v2i1.701

Buchori, Ahmad. 2009. “Dialek Jakarta “Ngge Ade Matinye”. https://www.google.com/amp/s/m.antaranews.com/amp/berita/162780/dia lek-jakarta-ngge-ade-matinye (diakses 31 Januari 2019).

Chaer, Abdul dan Leonie Agustina. 2010. Sosiolinguistik Perkenalan Awal. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.

Daldiyono. 2009. How to Be a Real and Successful Student. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Fadhila, Melinda Irna. 2016. “Variasi Bahasa pada Akun Instagram @D_Kadoor: Kajian Sosiolinguistik”. Skripsi Jurusan Sastra Indonesia Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Airlangga. http://repository.unair.ac.id. (diakses pada 09 April 2018).

Faizah, Ratnatul. 2017. “Variasi Bahasa Waria di Lingkungan Taman Udayana: Sebuah Kajian Sosiolinguistik”. Jurnal Mabasindo Volume 1, Nomor 1,Edisi Mei 2017. http://jurnal.mabasindo.unram.ac.id. (diunduh pada 3 Februari 2018).

Jaelani, Asep Jejen dan Saqina Melisa. 2014. “Kajian Variasi Bahasa pada Status yang Dibuat oleh Pengguna Twitter yang Bergabung dengan Akun Twitter Saqina Melisa Periode Januari 2014”. Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Volume 4, Nomor 1, 2014. https://journal.uniku.ac.id. (diunduh 3 Februari 2018).

Mardiana, Eka. 2013. “Dialek Melayu”. https://ekamardiana93.wordpress.com/tag/dialek-melayu/ (diakses 19 Februari 2019).

Mardiyanto, Aloys Setyo Ponco. 2013. “Pengaruh Dialek Jakarta, Dialek Jakarta dalam Bahasa Indonesia”. https://alpounch.blogspot.com/2013/01/pengaruh-dialek-jakarta.html?m=1 (diakses 31 Januari 2019).

Muliawati, Hesti. 2017. “Variasi Bahasa Gaul pada Mahasiswa Unswagati Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Tahun 2016”. Deiksis: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia Volume 4, Nomor 2, 2017. http://jurnal.unswagati.ac.id. (diunduh 3 Februari 2018).

Papalia, D.E. 2008. Human Development, 10thed. Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Rahmawati, Fitri Puji dan Sumarlam. 2016. “Variasi Bahasa pada Tayangan Kick Andy dalam Episode “Ngelmu Sampai Mati”. Jurnal Kajian Linguistik dan Sastra, Volume 1, Nomor 2, Desember 2016, Hal. 137-145. https://scholar.google.co.id. (diunduh 3 Februari 2018).

Rokhmansyah, A., Purwanti, & Putra, P. 2018. Penggunaan Kata Seru sebagai Foregrounding dalam Novel Durga Umayi Karya Y. B. Mangunwijaya. Madah: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra, 9(1), 31-44. http://dx.doi.org/10.31503/madah.v9i1.679

Rokhmansyah, A., Purwanti, P., & Ainin, N. 2019. Pelanggaran Maksim pada Tuturan Remaja Perempuan Yatim: Kajian Psikopragmatik. JP-BSI (Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia), 4(1), 47-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.26737/jp-bsi.v4i1.887

Safitri, Anggun. 2012. “Sistem Fonologi Bahasa Banjar”. http://anggunds.blogspot.com/2012/11/sistem-fonologi-bahasa-banjar.html?m=1 (diakses 27 Februari 2019).

Sudaryanto. 2015. Metode dan Teknik Analisis Bahasa: Pengantar Penelitian Wahana Kebudayaan Secara Linguis. Yogyakarta: Sanata Dharma University Press.

Susilawati, Erni dan Yunus. 2017. “Variasi Bahasa dalam Novel Peyempuan Karya @Peyem”. Jurnal Bastra Volume 1, Nomor 4, Maret 2017. http://ojs.uho.ac.id. (diunduh 3 Februari 2018).

Wildania, Shovi. 2016. “Variasi Bahasa Kawin Campur (Madura-Jawa) di Kabupaten Situbondo: Kajian Sosiolinguistik”. Skripsi Jurusan Sastra Indonesia Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Airlangga. http://repository.unair.ac.id. (diunduh 3 Februari 2018).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30872/jbssb.v4i1.2559

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Usnia Wati, Syamsul Rijal, Irma Surayya Hanum

Redaksi Jurnal Ilmu Budaya

Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Mulawarman
Jl. Ki Hajar Dewantara, Gunung Kelua, Kec. Samarinda Ulu, Kota Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur, Indonesia 75123
Email: jurnalcalls@fib.unmul.ac.id
Website: http://e-journals.unmul.ac.id/index.php/JBSSB 
Phone: +6287786318599

 

Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.