RECONSTRUCTING PATRIARCHAL DOMINATIONS AND GENDER ROLES IN DEBORAH ELLIS AND RUKHSANA KHAN WORKS

Erni Suparti

Abstract


This study analyzes the issues of traditional patriarchy and the reconstruction of gender roles of three books; The Breadwinner (Deborah Ellis), Parvana’s Journey (Deborah Ellis), and Wanting Mor (Rukhsana Khan). All these three books are considered as multicultural literature because of the theme of war and violence in Afghanistan culture. The findings confirm gender roles are unstable and inconstant. These three books show evidences of how gender roles are adaptable and changeable depends on what gender is favored in the social interactions. What is more, the institutional perspectives provide ways of reasoning gender roles are altered and changed. By observing Afghan social practices and policies in their culture, these books also confirm that most social institutions in this culture are gendered to favor patriarchy dominations. Therefore, the main characters of these books portray the shifts and changes of their gender roles to save them from ‘disparate treatment’ in the society.

Key word: patriarchal dominations, gender roles, Afghanistan culture


Full Text:

PDF

References


Botelho, Maria Jose and Masha Kabakow Rudman. Critical Multicultural Analysis of Children's Literature: Mirrors, Windows and Doors. New York: Routledge, 2009.

Cai, Mingshui. Multicultural Literature for Children and Young Adults: Reflections on Critical Issues. USA, 2002.

Clapp-Itnyre, Alisa. "Battle on the Gender Homefront: Depictions of the American Civil War in Contemporary Young Adult Literature." Children's Literature in Education 38 (2007): 153-161.

Ellis, Deborah. Parvana's Journey. Toronto, Ontario: Groundwood Books, 2002.

—. The Breadwinner. Toronto, Ontario: Groundwood Books, 2002.

Jordan, Sarah D. "Educating Without Overwhelming: Authorial Strategies in Children's Holocaust Literature." Children's Literature in Education 35.3 (2004): 199-218.

Khan, Rukhsana. Wanting Mor. Toronto, Ontario: Groundwood Books, 2009.

Lampert, Jo. Tugging on Superman's Cape: Heroic Identities in Children's Literature Post 9/11. 2004. 2010 .

Ortiz-Robles, Mario. "Local Speech, Global Acts: Performative Violence and the Novelization of the World." Comparative Literature (Winter 2007): 1.

Rahimi, Wali M. Status of Women: Afghanistan. RUSHSAP Series of Monographs and Occasional Paper. Bangkok: UNESCO Principal Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific , 1991.

Stewart, Susan Louise. "Beyond Borders: Reading ‘‘Other’’ Places in Children’s Literature." Children's Literature in Education (2008): 95-105.

Tyson, Lois. Critical Theory Today: A User-Friendly Guide. NewYork: Routledge, 2006.

Wharton, Amy S. The Sociology of Gender: An Introduction to Theory and Research. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing, 2005.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30872/calls.v1i2.688

Copyright (c) 2017 CaLLs (Journal of Culture, Arts, Literature, and Linguistics)

 Creative Commons License 

CaLLs site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
and managed by Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Mulawarman

Editorial Address

Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Mulawarman
Jalan Pulau Flores Nomor 1 Kota Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur − Indonesia 75112
Telepon: (0541) 734582 / 085385388335
Email: jurnalcalls@fib.unmul.ac.id
Website: http://e-journals.unmul.ac.id/index.php/CALLS

p-ISSN 2460-674X 
e-ISSN 2549-7707

 

Journal Index

            Logo IPI      PKP Index Logo        Crossref   OneSearch