Desy Rusmawaty



Not only as a language interference, code switching was able to be used as one of language teaching strategy. This study investigated the types of code switching used by a teacher in language teaching instruction in EFL class of SMU I Negeri Samarinda. As a case study, an English teacher and third grade students of SMU I Negeri Samarinda were the subjects of this study. The data in the form of utterances between a teacher and her students were collected by taping and recording the natural interaction using video cameras and a voice recording. After transcribed and analyzed the data, this study revealed that a teacher practiced five types of code switching in her language teaching practices, they are (1) inter-sentential code switching, which involves a word within a sentence, a verb phrase, a question tag, and an adverb phrase; (2) inter-sentential code switching; (3) emblematic code switching; (4) intra-lexical code switching; and (5) changing pronunciation features. This study found also as new kind of intra sentential which involves an adverb phrase.

Keywords: codeswitching, language teaching instruction, EFL context

Full Text:




Auer, Peter (ed.) (1998): Code-switching in Conversation. Language, Interaction and

Identity. London/New York:Routledge.

Bullock, B. E & Toribio, A. J, 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Linguistic Code Switching.

Cambridge. Cambridge University Press.

Crystal, D. 2001. Language and the internet. Cambridge, UK and NewYork: Cambridge

University Press.

Eldridge, J. 1996. Code-switching in a Turkish secondary school. English Language

Teaching Journal. 50 (4), 303–311.

Franceschini, R. 1998. Code-switching and the notion of code in linguistics: Proposals for a

dual focus model. In P. Auer (ed.), Code-switching in Conversation: Language, Interaction and Identity, pp. 51–74. London and New York: Routledge.

Frankel, J. R., & Wallen, N. L. 2003. How to design and evaluate study in education. (5th

ed). Boston: McGrawHill.

Gardner-Chloros, P. 1991. Language selection and switching in Strasbourg. Oxford and New

York: Oxford University Press.

Gay, L.R, Mills, G. E, & Airasian, P. 2006. Educational Study:Competencies for Analysis

and Applications. (8th ed). New Jersey. Pearson Prentice Hall.

Gumperz, J. J. 1982a. Discourse strategies. Cambridge, UK and New York: Cambridge

University Press.

Hoffman, C. 1991. An Introduction to Bilingualism. New York. Longman.

Lipski, J. M. 1985. Linguistic aspects of Spanish–English language switching. Tempe, AZ:

Center for Latin American Studies, Arizona State University.

Miles, M. B. & Huberman, A. M. 1994. Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded

Sourcebook. California: Sage Publication.

McClure, E. 1981. Formal and functional aspects of the codeswitched discourse of bilingual

children. In R. P. Dura´n (ed.), Latino language and communicative behavior, pp. 69–94. Norwood, NJ: Ablex.

Poplack, S, M. 1998. How languages fit together in codemixing. In: International Journal of

Bilingualism 2 (2) , 127-138

Poplack, S. (1980). Sometimes I'll start a sentence in Spanish y terrnino en espanol.

Linguistics 26,58 1-61 8.

Saville-Troike, M. 1986. The Ethnography of Communication. An Introduction. Oxford:

Basil Blackwell.

Sert, O. 2011. The Functions of Code Switching in ELT Classrooms. [Online] Retrieved

October 20, 2011, from the World Wide Web: http://www.


Skiba, R. (1997). Code-switching as a countenance of language interference. The Internet TESL Journal. 3 (10). Available:

Weinreich, U. 1953. Languages in contact: Findings and problems. New York: Linguistic

Circle of New York and The Hague: Mouton.


Copyright (c) 2018 Desy Rusmawaty

 Creative Commons License 

CaLLs site is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
and managed by Fakultas Ilmu Budaya, Universitas Mulawarman

Editorial Address

Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Mulawarman
Jalan Pulau Flores Nomor 1 Kota Samarinda, Kalimantan Timur − Indonesia 75112
Telepon: (0541) 734582 / 085385388335

p-ISSN 2460-674X 
e-ISSN 2549-7707


Journal Index

               PKP Index Logo        Crossref   OneSearch PKP Index Search